Saving lives and changing lives through early identification, intervention and prevention


What is the aim of the DASH (2009) Risk Identification and Assessment Model?

  • save and change lives through early identification, intervention and prevention
  • identify risk and needs
  • ensure an effective investigation
  • create a common language across agencies to refer a case to risk management meetings such as MARAC
  • enable information sharing
  • inform decision making

Who is the DASH (2009) Model for?

  • All professionals working in public protection including those who work with domestic abuse victims, stalking, so–called honour based abuse, child protection and adult safeguarding, sexual abuse, MARAC, MAPPA, mental health and missing persons.

On completion of training, professionals will be able to:

  • identify high risk cases of domestic abuse, stalking and honour based violence
  • identify dangerous and serial perpetrators
  • decide which cases should be referred to MARAC and what other support might be required
  • have a common tool across all agencies that are part of the MARAC process and provide a shared understanding of risk in relation to domestic abuse, stalking and harassment and ‘honour’-based violence
  • make defensible decisions based on the evidence from extensive research of cases, including domestic homicides, ‘near misses’ and lower level incidents.

Where has the DASH Model come from?

  • The DASH (2009) Model has been built on the existing good practice of the evidence based SPECSS+ Risk Identification, Assessment and Management Model. The SPECSS+ was previously ACPO compliant and had been evaluated numerous times. Victim and practitioner focus groups have also been run to ensure the language and format worked as best it could.
  • The risk factors included are evidence based and drawn from extensive research and analysis by leading academics in the field into domestic homicides, ‘near misses’ and lower level incidents. The 11 questions on stalking were developed by Drs Lorraine Sheridan and Karl Roberts. The research base for each factor can be found in the practice guidance.

Frequently Asked Questions

You may have a number of practical questions about the DASH.

Click here to download the Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Download The DASH (2009)

Click here to download the DASH 2009-2016 with quick reference guidance